Purpose: To determine keratometric astigmatism (KA), posterior corneal astigmatism (PCA), and total corneal astigmatism (TCA) in 951 normal eyes, to establish a model for estimating TCA from anterior corneal data, and to test this method in a new group of eyes with toric intraocular lenses (TIOLs).
Methods: We used a Pentacam HR (high-resolution) Scheimpflug camera to determine KA, PCA, and TCA in 951 normal eyes. A model to estimate TCA from anterior corneal data was evaluated by the difference (=error) between the measured TCA and the estimated value. The model was tested in 40 eyes with TIOLs.
Results: KA, TCA, and PCA averaged 1.06 (60.85) D, 1.05 (60.83) D, and 0.33 (60.17) D. The error of the model to estimate TCA averaged zero with an SD of 60.21 D. Application of this model and of direct Pentacam TCA measurements in TIOL calculation gave similar results, namely a slight reduction of overcorrection in with-the-rule astigmatism, but an eradication of undercorrection in against-the-rule astigmatism.
Conclusions: It was possible to estimate TCA accurately from anterior corneal data with a new formula. However, application of both this model on keratometric data and of direct Pentacam measurements in a group of 40 eyes with TIOLs did not completely eradicate the refractive error in TIOL calculation. More studies comparing Pentacam TCA and refractive astigmatism are required.